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Constants
CHARSETS_OF_4BYTES_MAXLEN = ['utf8mb4', 'utf16', 'utf16le', 'utf32']
 
Class Public methods
new(connection, logger, connection_options, config)
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 65
def initialize(connection, logger, connection_options, config)
  super(connection, logger, config)

  @statements = StatementPool.new(self.class.type_cast_config_to_integer(config[:statement_limit]))

  if version < '5.0.0'
    raise "Your version of MySQL (#{full_version.match(/^\d+\.\d+\.\d+/)[0]}) is too old. Active Record supports MySQL >= 5.0."
  end
end
Instance Public methods
begin_db_transaction()
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 228
def begin_db_transaction
  execute "BEGIN"
end
begin_isolated_db_transaction(isolation)
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 232
def begin_isolated_db_transaction(isolation)
  execute "SET TRANSACTION ISOLATION LEVEL #{transaction_isolation_levels.fetch(isolation)}"
  begin_db_transaction
end
case_sensitive_comparison(table, attribute, column, value)
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 605
def case_sensitive_comparison(table, attribute, column, value)
  if !value.nil? && column.collation && !column.case_sensitive?
    table[attribute].eq(Arel::Nodes::Bin.new(Arel::Nodes::BindParam.new))
  else
    super
  end
end
charset()

Returns the database character set.

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 300
def charset
  show_variable 'character_set_database'
end
clear_cache!()

Clears the prepared statements cache.

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 198
def clear_cache!
  reload_type_map
  @statements.clear
end
collation()

Returns the database collation strategy.

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 305
def collation
  show_variable 'collation_database'
end
create_database(name, options = {})

Create a new MySQL database with optional :charset and :collation. Charset defaults to utf8.

Example:

create_database 'charset_test', charset: 'latin1', collation: 'latin1_bin'
create_database 'matt_development'
create_database 'matt_development', charset: :big5
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 279
def create_database(name, options = {})
  if options[:collation]
    execute "CREATE DATABASE #{quote_table_name(name)} DEFAULT CHARACTER SET #{quote_table_name(options[:charset] || 'utf8')} COLLATE #{quote_table_name(options[:collation])}"
  else
    execute "CREATE DATABASE #{quote_table_name(name)} DEFAULT CHARACTER SET #{quote_table_name(options[:charset] || 'utf8')}"
  end
end
current_database()
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 295
def current_database
  select_value 'SELECT DATABASE() as db'
end
data_source_exists?(table_name)
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 347
def data_source_exists?(table_name)
  return false unless table_name.present?

  schema, name = extract_schema_qualified_name(table_name)

  sql = "SELECT table_name FROM information_schema.tables "
  sql << "WHERE table_schema = #{quote(schema)} AND table_name = #{quote(name)}"

  select_values(sql, 'SCHEMA').any?
end
data_sources()
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 325
def data_sources
  sql = "SELECT table_name FROM information_schema.tables "
  sql << "WHERE table_schema = #{quote(@config[:database])}"

  select_values(sql, 'SCHEMA')
end
drop_table(table_name, options = {})

Drops a table from the database.

:force

Set to :cascade to drop dependent objects as well. Defaults to false.

:if_exists

Set to true to only drop the table if it exists. Defaults to false.

:temporary

Set to true to drop temporary table. Defaults to false.

Although this command ignores most options and the block if one is given, it can be helpful to provide these in a migration's change method so it can be reverted. In that case, options and the block will be used by create_table.

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 462
def drop_table(table_name, options = {})
  create_table_info_cache.delete(table_name) if create_table_info_cache.key?(table_name)
  execute "DROP#{' TEMPORARY' if options[:temporary]} TABLE#{' IF EXISTS' if options[:if_exists]} #{quote_table_name(table_name)}#{' CASCADE' if options[:force] == :cascade}"
end
empty_insert_statement_value()
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 257
def empty_insert_statement_value
  "VALUES ()"
end
execute(sql, name = nil)

Executes the SQL statement in the context of this connection.

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 217
def execute(sql, name = nil)
  log(sql, name) { @connection.query(sql) }
end
explain(arel, binds = [])
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 207
def explain(arel, binds = [])
  sql     = "EXPLAIN #{to_sql(arel, binds)}"
  start   = Time.now
  result  = exec_query(sql, 'EXPLAIN', binds)
  elapsed = Time.now - start

  MySQL::ExplainPrettyPrinter.new.pp(result, elapsed)
end
foreign_keys(table_name)
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 513
      def foreign_keys(table_name)
        raise ArgumentError unless table_name.present?

        schema, name = extract_schema_qualified_name(table_name)

        fk_info = select_all "          SELECT fk.referenced_table_name as 'to_table'
                ,fk.referenced_column_name as 'primary_key'
                ,fk.column_name as 'column'
                ,fk.constraint_name as 'name'
          FROM information_schema.key_column_usage fk
          WHERE fk.referenced_column_name is not null
            AND fk.table_schema = #{quote(schema)}
            AND fk.table_name = #{quote(name)}
".strip_heredoc

        create_table_info = create_table_info(table_name)

        fk_info.map do |row|
          options = {
            column: row['column'],
            name: row['name'],
            primary_key: row['primary_key']
          }

          options[:on_update] = extract_foreign_key_action(create_table_info, row['name'], "UPDATE")
          options[:on_delete] = extract_foreign_key_action(create_table_info, row['name'], "DELETE")

          ForeignKeyDefinition.new(table_name, row['to_table'], options)
        end
      end
index_algorithms()
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 160
def index_algorithms
  { default: 'ALGORITHM = DEFAULT', copy: 'ALGORITHM = COPY', inplace: 'ALGORITHM = INPLACE' }
end
native_database_types()
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 156
def native_database_types
  NATIVE_DATABASE_TYPES
end
recreate_database(name, options = {})

Drops the database specified on the name attribute and creates it again using the provided options.

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 265
def recreate_database(name, options = {})
  drop_database(name)
  sql = create_database(name, options)
  reconnect!
  sql
end
rename_index(table_name, old_name, new_name)
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 467
def rename_index(table_name, old_name, new_name)
  if supports_rename_index?
    validate_index_length!(table_name, new_name)

    execute "ALTER TABLE #{quote_table_name(table_name)} RENAME INDEX #{quote_table_name(old_name)} TO #{quote_table_name(new_name)}"
  else
    super
  end
end
rename_table(table_name, new_name)

Renames a table.

Example:

rename_table('octopuses', 'octopi')
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 442
def rename_table(table_name, new_name)
  execute "RENAME TABLE #{quote_table_name(table_name)} TO #{quote_table_name(new_name)}"
  rename_table_indexes(table_name, new_name)
end
show_variable(name)

SHOW VARIABLES LIKE 'name'

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 584
def show_variable(name)
  select_value("SELECT @@#{name}", 'SCHEMA')
rescue ActiveRecord::StatementInvalid
  nil
end
strict_mode?()
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 633
def strict_mode?
  self.class.type_cast_config_to_boolean(@config.fetch(:strict, true))
end
supports_advisory_locks?()
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 144
def supports_advisory_locks?
  true
end
supports_datetime_with_precision?()
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 136
def supports_datetime_with_precision?
  if mariadb?
    version >= '5.3.0'
  else
    version >= '5.6.4'
  end
end
supports_explain?()
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 120
def supports_explain?
  true
end
supports_foreign_keys?()
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 128
def supports_foreign_keys?
  true
end
supports_index_sort_order?()

Technically MySQL allows to create indexes with the sort order syntax but at the moment (5.5) it doesn't yet implement them

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 112
def supports_index_sort_order?
  true
end
supports_indexes_in_create?()
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 124
def supports_indexes_in_create?
  true
end
supports_migrations?()

Returns true, since this connection adapter supports migrations.

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 92
def supports_migrations?
  true
end
supports_primary_key?()
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 96
def supports_primary_key?
  true
end
supports_statement_cache?()

Returns true, since this connection adapter supports prepared statement caching.

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 106
def supports_statement_cache?
  true
end
supports_transaction_isolation?()
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 116
def supports_transaction_isolation?
  true
end
supports_views?()
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 132
def supports_views?
  true
end
table_exists?(table_name)
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 336
      def table_exists?(table_name)
        # Update lib/active_record/internal_metadata.rb when this gets removed
        ActiveSupport::Deprecation.warn("          #table_exists? currently checks both tables and views.
          This behavior is deprecated and will be changed with Rails 5.1 to only check tables.
          Use #data_source_exists? instead.
".squish)

        data_source_exists?(table_name)
      end
table_options(table_name)
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 545
def table_options(table_name)
  create_table_info = create_table_info(table_name)

  # strip create_definitions and partition_options
  raw_table_options = create_table_info.sub(/\A.*\n\) /m, '').sub(/\n\/\*!.*\*\/\n\z/m, '').strip

  # strip AUTO_INCREMENT
  raw_table_options.sub!(/(ENGINE=\w+)(?: AUTO_INCREMENT=\d+)/, '\1')

  # strip COMMENT
  raw_table_options.sub!(/ COMMENT='.+'/, '')

  raw_table_options
end
truncate(table_name, name = nil)
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 332
def truncate(table_name, name = nil)
  execute "TRUNCATE TABLE #{quote_table_name(table_name)}", name
end
type_to_sql(type, limit = nil, precision = nil, scale = nil, unsigned = nil)

Maps logical Rails types to MySQL-specific data types.

# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 561
def type_to_sql(type, limit = nil, precision = nil, scale = nil, unsigned = nil)
  sql = case type.to_s
  when 'integer'
    integer_to_sql(limit)
  when 'text'
    text_to_sql(limit)
  when 'blob'
    binary_to_sql(limit)
  when 'binary'
    if (0..0xfff) === limit
      "varbinary(#{limit})"
    else
      binary_to_sql(limit)
    end
  else
    super(type, limit, precision, scale)
  end

  sql << ' unsigned' if unsigned && type != :primary_key
  sql
end
valid_type?(type)
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 637
def valid_type?(type)
  !native_database_types[type].nil?
end
Instance Protected methods
add_column_sql(table_name, column_name, type, options = {})
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 743
def add_column_sql(table_name, column_name, type, options = {})
  td = create_table_definition(table_name)
  cd = td.new_column_definition(column_name, type, options)
  schema_creation.accept(AddColumnDefinition.new(cd))
end
add_index_length(option_strings, column_names, options = {})
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 705
def add_index_length(option_strings, column_names, options = {})
  if options.is_a?(Hash) && length = options[:length]
    case length
    when Hash
      column_names.each {|name| option_strings[name] += "(#{length[name]})" if length.has_key?(name) && length[name].present?}
    when Fixnum
      column_names.each {|name| option_strings[name] += "(#{length})"}
    end
  end

  return option_strings
end
add_index_sql(table_name, column_name, options = {})
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 787
def add_index_sql(table_name, column_name, options = {})
  index_name, index_type, index_columns, _, index_algorithm, index_using = add_index_options(table_name, column_name, options)
  index_algorithm[0, 0] = ", " if index_algorithm.present?
  "ADD #{index_type} INDEX #{quote_column_name(index_name)} #{index_using} (#{index_columns})#{index_algorithm}"
end
add_timestamps_sql(table_name, options = {})
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 798
def add_timestamps_sql(table_name, options = {})
  [add_column_sql(table_name, :created_at, :datetime, options), add_column_sql(table_name, :updated_at, :datetime, options)]
end
change_column_sql(table_name, column_name, type, options = {})
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 749
def change_column_sql(table_name, column_name, type, options = {})
  column = column_for(table_name, column_name)

  unless options_include_default?(options)
    options[:default] = column.default
  end

  unless options.has_key?(:null)
    options[:null] = column.null
  end

  td = create_table_definition(table_name)
  cd = td.new_column_definition(column.name, type, options)
  schema_creation.accept(ChangeColumnDefinition.new(cd, column.name))
end
extract_precision(sql_type)
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 693
def extract_precision(sql_type)
  if /time/ === sql_type
    super || 0
  else
    super
  end
end
fetch_type_metadata(sql_type, extra = "")
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 701
def fetch_type_metadata(sql_type, extra = "")
  MySQL::TypeMetadata.new(super(sql_type), extra: extra, strict: strict_mode?)
end
quoted_columns_for_index(column_names, options = {})
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 718
def quoted_columns_for_index(column_names, options = {})
  option_strings = Hash[column_names.map {|name| [name, '']}]

  # add index length
  option_strings = add_index_length(option_strings, column_names, options)

  # add index sort order
  option_strings = add_index_sort_order(option_strings, column_names, options)

  column_names.map {|name| quote_column_name(name) + option_strings[name]}
end
remove_column_sql(table_name, column_name, type = nil, options = {})
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 779
def remove_column_sql(table_name, column_name, type = nil, options = {})
  "DROP #{quote_column_name(column_name)}"
end
remove_columns_sql(table_name, *column_names)
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 783
def remove_columns_sql(table_name, *column_names)
  column_names.map {|column_name| remove_column_sql(table_name, column_name) }
end
remove_index_sql(table_name, options = {})
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 793
def remove_index_sql(table_name, options = {})
  index_name = index_name_for_remove(table_name, options)
  "DROP INDEX #{index_name}"
end
remove_timestamps_sql(table_name, options = {})
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 802
def remove_timestamps_sql(table_name, options = {})
  [remove_column_sql(table_name, :updated_at), remove_column_sql(table_name, :created_at)]
end
rename_column_sql(table_name, column_name, new_column_name)
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 765
def rename_column_sql(table_name, column_name, new_column_name)
  column  = column_for(table_name, column_name)
  options = {
    default: column.default,
    null: column.null,
    auto_increment: column.auto_increment?
  }

  current_type = select_one("SHOW COLUMNS FROM #{quote_table_name(table_name)} LIKE '#{column_name}'", 'SCHEMA')["Type"]
  td = create_table_definition(table_name)
  cd = td.new_column_definition(new_column_name, current_type, options)
  schema_creation.accept(ChangeColumnDefinition.new(cd, column.name))
end
translate_exception(exception, message)
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract_mysql_adapter.rb, line 730
def translate_exception(exception, message)
  case error_number(exception)
  when 1062
    RecordNotUnique.new(message)
  when 1452
    InvalidForeignKey.new(message)
  when 1406
    ValueTooLong.new(message)
  else
    super
  end
end