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Methods
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Instance Public methods
discard_on(exception)

Discard the job with no attempts to retry, if the exception is raised. This is useful when the subject of the job, like an Active Record, is no longer available, and the job is thus no longer relevant.

Example

class SearchIndexingJob < ActiveJob::Base
  discard_on ActiveJob::DeserializationError

  def perform(record)
    # Will raise ActiveJob::DeserializationError if the record can't be deserialized
  end
end
# File activejob/lib/active_job/exceptions.rb, line 72
def discard_on(exception)
  rescue_from exception do |error|
    logger.error "Discarded #{self.class} due to a #{exception}. The original exception was #{error.cause.inspect}."
  end
end
retry_on(exception, wait: 3.seconds, attempts: 5, queue: nil, priority: nil)

Catch the exception and reschedule job for re-execution after so many seconds, for a specific number of attempts. If the exception keeps getting raised beyond the specified number of attempts, the exception is allowed to bubble up to the underlying queuing system, which may have its own retry mechanism or place it in a holding queue for inspection.

You can also pass a block that'll be invoked if the retry attempts fail for custom logic rather than letting the exception bubble up. This block is yielded with the job instance as the first and the error instance as the second parameter.

Options

  • :wait - Re-enqueues the job with a delay specified either in seconds (default: 3 seconds), as a computing proc that the number of executions so far as an argument, or as a symbol reference of :exponentially_longer, which applies the wait algorithm of (executions ** 4) + 2 (first wait 3s, then 18s, then 83s, etc)

  • :attempts - Re-enqueues the job the specified number of times (default: 5 attempts)

  • :queue - Re-enqueues the job on a different queue

  • :priority - Re-enqueues the job with a different priority

Examples

class RemoteServiceJob < ActiveJob::Base
  retry_on CustomAppException # defaults to 3s wait, 5 attempts
  retry_on AnotherCustomAppException, wait: ->(executions) { executions * 2 }
  retry_on(YetAnotherCustomAppException) do |job, exception|
    ExceptionNotifier.caught(exception)
  end
  retry_on ActiveRecord::Deadlocked, wait: 5.seconds, attempts: 3
  retry_on Net::OpenTimeout, wait: :exponentially_longer, attempts: 10

  def perform(*args)
    # Might raise CustomAppException, AnotherCustomAppException, or YetAnotherCustomAppException for something domain specific
    # Might raise ActiveRecord::Deadlocked when a local db deadlock is detected
    # Might raise Net::OpenTimeout when the remote service is down
  end
end
# File activejob/lib/active_job/exceptions.rb, line 44
def retry_on(exception, wait: 3.seconds, attempts: 5, queue: nil, priority: nil)
  rescue_from exception do |error|
    if executions < attempts
      logger.error "Retrying #{self.class} in #{wait} seconds, due to a #{exception}. The original exception was #{error.cause.inspect}."
      retry_job wait: determine_delay(wait), queue: queue, priority: priority
    else
      if block_given?
        yield self, error
      else
        logger.error "Stopped retrying #{self.class} due to a #{exception}, which reoccurred on #{executions} attempts. The original exception was #{error.cause.inspect}."
        raise error
      end
    end
  end
end