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Methods
T
Instance Public methods
to_param(method_name = nil)

Defines your model's to_param method to generate “pretty” URLs using method_name, which can be any attribute or method that responds to to_s.

class User < ActiveRecord::Base
  to_param :name
end

user = User.find_by(name: 'Fancy Pants')
user.id         # => 123
user_path(user) # => "/users/123-fancy-pants"

Values longer than 20 characters will be truncated. The value is truncated word by word.

user = User.find_by(name: 'David HeinemeierHansson')
user.id         # => 125
user_path(user) # => "/users/125-david"

Because the generated param begins with the record's id, it is suitable for passing to find. In a controller, for example:

params[:id]               # => "123-fancy-pants"
User.find(params[:id]).id # => 123
# File activerecord/lib/active_record/integration.rb, line 96
def to_param(method_name = nil)
  if method_name.nil?
    super()
  else
    define_method :to_param do
      if (default = super()) &&
           (result = send(method_name).to_s).present? &&
             (param = result.squish.truncate(20, separator: /\s/, omission: nil).parameterize).present?
        "#{default}-#{param}"
      else
        default
      end
    end
  end
end