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FileUpdateChecker specifies the API used by Rails to watch files and control reloading. The API depends on four methods:

  • initialize which expects two parameters and one block as described below.

  • updated? which returns a boolean if there were updates in the filesystem or not.

  • execute which executes the given block on initialization and updates the latest watched files and timestamp.

  • execute_if_updated which just executes the block if it was updated.

After initialization, a call to execute_if_updated must execute the block only if there was really a change in the filesystem.

This class is used by Rails to reload the I18n framework whenever they are changed upon a new request.

i18n_reloader = ActiveSupport::FileUpdateChecker.new(paths) do
  I18n.reload!
end

ActionDispatch::Reloader.to_prepare do
  i18n_reloader.execute_if_updated
end
Methods
E
N
U
Class Public methods
new(files, dirs={}, &block)

It accepts two parameters on initialization. The first is an array of files and the second is an optional hash of directories. The hash must have directories as keys and the value is an array of extensions to be watched under that directory.

This method must also receive a block that will be called once a path changes. The array of files and list of directories cannot be changed after FileUpdateChecker has been initialized.

# File activesupport/lib/active_support/file_update_checker.rb, line 38
def initialize(files, dirs={}, &block)
  @files = files.freeze
  @glob  = compile_glob(dirs)
  @block = block

  @watched    = nil
  @updated_at = nil

  @last_watched   = watched
  @last_update_at = updated_at(@last_watched)
end
Instance Public methods
execute()

Executes the given block and updates the latest watched files and timestamp.

# File activesupport/lib/active_support/file_update_checker.rb, line 72
def execute
  @last_watched   = watched
  @last_update_at = updated_at(@last_watched)
  @block.call
ensure
  @watched = nil
  @updated_at = nil
end
execute_if_updated()

Execute the block given if updated.

# File activesupport/lib/active_support/file_update_checker.rb, line 82
def execute_if_updated
  if updated?
    execute
    true
  else
    false
  end
end
updated?()

Check if any of the entries were updated. If so, the watched and/or updated_at values are cached until the block is executed via execute or execute_if_updated.

# File activesupport/lib/active_support/file_update_checker.rb, line 53
def updated?
  current_watched = watched
  if @last_watched.size != current_watched.size
    @watched = current_watched
    true
  else
    current_updated_at = updated_at(current_watched)
    if @last_update_at < current_updated_at
      @watched    = current_watched
      @updated_at = current_updated_at
      true
    else
      false
    end
  end
end